Main Subject Trombone Jazz & Pop 1
Number of course weeks
One 50-minute lesson per week
Total contact hours
Form / content / level
Admitted to the ArtEZ Jazz & Pop Trombone main subject year 1.
Musical and technical preparation for a career in music. The first step towards this goal is passing the propaedeutic exam.
Relation to other modules
The level of instrument proficiency corresponds to the contents of the band and theory modules.
Study skills: how do I approach the main subject study?
Musical imagination in line with the study level.
Broad musical interests (no genre restrictions).
General knowledge of the basic trombone playing techniques.
Interpreting basic patterns in transcribed rhythms.
Knowledge of basic improvisation techniques.
Understanding how to solve technical and musical problems.
Understanding the basic chord sequences: II-V-I (major/minor), blues, rhythm changes and standards.
Mastering basic trombone playing technique.
Developing basic improvisation skills.
Playing and improvising without difficulty in all 12 keys: major, dorian, mixolydian, major pentatonic, minor pentatonic, altered pentatonic, blues scale, whole-tone scale, both diminished scales and chromatic.
15 or more jazz standards by heart (level: beginner/intermediate).
Five styles: swing, Latin, ballad, rhythm changes and blues.
Learning to incorporate knowledge, understanding and skills while playing.
Reading skills (parts and progressions).
Ensemble playing and second and third big band trombone parts.
Developing an individual and effective study program suited to the study at a professional school of music.
Developing a professional attitude to the study.
Stimulating curiosity for both specific and more general musical subjects.
Orientation musical/artistic preferences.
Examining personal motivation.
Developing ear skills, regular concert attendance.
Mode(s) of instruction
Individual lessons & occasional group lessons
Bart van Lier: Coördinatie trainingsprogramma voor trombone
Ed Neumeister: Trombone Technique Through Music (adv.m)
Peter Gane: Circuit Training (Warwick Music)
Mark Nightingale: The Warm-Up Book (Warwick Music, UK)
J.J. Johnson: Exercises and Etudes for the Jazz Instrumentalist
Bob McChesney: Doodle Studies and Etudes
Nicola La Vista: 13 studi melodici (Ricordi, Italy)
G. Pichaureau: Vingt et une études (Leduc, Paris)
Robert Müller: Technische Studien Teil III
George Bouchard: Intermediate Jazz Improvisation
Jerry Bergonzi: Melodic Structures (vol. 1)
Ramon Ricker Improvisation Series, Vol 2: The Blues, Vol 3: The II-V-I Progression
Shelton Berg: The Goal Note Method
Fred Lipsius / Jim Pugh: Reading Key Jazz Rhythms
Rick Elings / Jilt Jansma: Moments of Swing
Jim Snidero / Conrad Herwig: Jazz Conception for Trombone
Mark Nightingale: 20 Jazz Etudes for Trombone
Jamey Aebersold series: vol. 24, 21, 3, 16, 84, 42, 47, 57.
557 Jazz Standards Swing to Bob (large or small edition)
Video (in-class viewing): Jerry Bergonzi: Melodic Structures (vol 1.)
Professional trombone (small/medium-large bore) (e.g., King 3B, 2B, Kühnl & Hoyer model Bart van Lier, Conn 100H, Vincent Bach 16 Michel Rath (UK) model Mark Nightingale, R10, (price range: €1500 - €2000)
Trombone stand (e.g., by UMI)
BERP mouthpiece buzz practice accessory (Mario Guarneri)
ASTRA mouthpiece (Boosey and Hawkes)
Slide-O-Mix trombone cleaning set
Organizing a short performance (band, repertoire, rehearsals) as part of the annual Jazz & Pop student concert; independently organizing a performance (five pieces) as part of the propaedeutic audition.
Examination and assessment
Mode(s) of assessment
Assessment by the main subject instructor at the end of each semester.
The student should have mastered the elements described under Aims. Specific criteria are: creativity, expression, improvisation, technique, sound, intonation, timing, reading skills, repertoire knowledge, progress, self-reflection, session participation, attitude and lesson preparation.
The student has completed this module if he is awarded a minimum grade of 5.5 at the end of the second semester.
At the end of both semesters the instructor fills out an assessment form designed specifically for this module. Assessment is comprised of a verbal evaluation and a concluding grade. The instructor reviews this assessment with the student during the first subsequent lesson. Assessment at the end of the autumn semester is formative and expressed in terms of satisfactory/unsatisfactory. It indicates a student's progress in this module. No ECs are awarded and there is no resit. Modules can only be absolved, and ECs awarded, after the end of the spring semester.
Theme: solidifying and further developing the basic skills/knowledge.
The first year of the main subject course is intended to prepare students for the general technical and musical prerequisites of a career in music. The first step towards this goal is passing the propaedeutic exam. In the course of the first year, basic playing techniques as introduced during the preparatory course are developed to a higher level, with a focus on possibilities for further development and problem-solving skills. In addition, students begin to build standard repertoire knowledge.