Main Subject Trombone Jazz & Pop 1

Module code
M-JP-TRB1
Curricular domain
Practical Classes
Credits
11
Group size
1
Number of course weeks
30
Class duration
One 50-minute lesson per week
Total contact hours
25 hours
Study load
283

Form / content / level

Prerequisites
Admitted to the ArtEZ Jazz & Pop Trombone main subject year 1.
Competencies
See Competencies Matrix.
Aims
Musical and technical preparation for a career in music. The first step towards this goal is passing the propaedeutic exam.
Relation to other modules
The level of instrument proficiency corresponds to the contents of the band and theory modules.
Content
KNOWLEDGE:

Study skills: how do I approach the main subject study?

Musical imagination in line with the study level.

Broad musical interests (no genre restrictions).

General knowledge of the basic trombone playing techniques.

Interpreting basic patterns in transcribed rhythms.

Knowledge of basic improvisation techniques.

UNDERSTANDING:

Studying independently.

Understanding how to solve technical and musical problems.

Understanding the basic chord sequences: II-V-I (major/minor), blues, rhythm changes and standards.

SKILLS:

Mastering basic trombone playing technique.

Developing basic improvisation skills.

Playing and improvising without difficulty in all 12 keys: major, dorian, mixolydian, major pentatonic, minor pentatonic, altered pentatonic, blues scale, whole-tone scale, both diminished scales and chromatic.

15 or more jazz standards by heart (level: beginner/intermediate).

Five styles: swing, Latin, ballad, rhythm changes and blues.

TECHNIQUE:

Learning to incorporate knowledge, understanding and skills while playing.

Musical expression;

Reading skills (parts and progressions).

Ensemble playing and second and third big band trombone parts.

ATTITUDE:

Developing an individual and effective study program suited to the study at a professional school of music.

Developing a professional attitude to the study.

Stimulating curiosity for both specific and more general musical subjects.

Orientation musical/artistic preferences.

Examining personal motivation.

Developing ear skills, regular concert attendance.
Mode(s) of instruction
Individual lessons & occasional group lessons
Material
Methods:

TECHNIQUE:

Bart van Lier: Coördinatie trainingsprogramma voor trombone

Ed Neumeister: Trombone Technique Through Music (adv.m)

Peter Gane: Circuit Training (Warwick Music)

Mark Nightingale: The Warm-Up Book (Warwick Music, UK)

J.J. Johnson: Exercises and Etudes for the Jazz Instrumentalist

Bob McChesney: Doodle Studies and Etudes

Nicola La Vista: 13 studi melodici (Ricordi, Italy)

G. Pichaureau: Vingt et une études (Leduc, Paris)

Robert Müller: Technische Studien Teil III

IMPROVISATION/INTERPRETATION:

George Bouchard: Intermediate Jazz Improvisation

Jerry Bergonzi: Melodic Structures (vol. 1)

Ramon Ricker Improvisation Series, Vol 2: The Blues, Vol 3: The II-V-I Progression

Shelton Berg: The Goal Note Method

Fred Lipsius / Jim Pugh: Reading Key Jazz Rhythms

Rick Elings / Jilt Jansma: Moments of Swing

Jim Snidero / Conrad Herwig: Jazz Conception for Trombone

Mark Nightingale: 20 Jazz Etudes for Trombone

Jamey Aebersold series: vol. 24, 21, 3, 16, 84, 42, 47, 57.

557 Jazz Standards Swing to Bob (large or small edition)

Video (in-class viewing): Jerry Bergonzi: Melodic Structures (vol 1.)

Material:

Professional trombone (small/medium-large bore) (e.g., King 3B, 2B, Kühnl & Hoyer model Bart van Lier, Conn 100H, Vincent Bach 16 Michel Rath (UK) model Mark Nightingale, R10, (price range: €1500 - €2000)

Trombone stand (e.g., by UMI)

BERP mouthpiece buzz practice accessory (Mario Guarneri)

ASTRA mouthpiece (Boosey and Hawkes)

Slide-O-Mix trombone cleaning set
Student activity
Organizing a short performance (band, repertoire, rehearsals) as part of the annual Jazz & Pop student concert; independently organizing a performance (five pieces) as part of the propaedeutic audition.

Examination and assessment

Mode(s) of assessment
Assessment by the main subject instructor at the end of each semester.
Criteria
The student should have mastered the elements described under Aims. Specific criteria are: creativity, expression, improvisation, technique, sound, intonation, timing, reading skills, repertoire knowledge, progress, self-reflection, session participation, attitude and lesson preparation.
Pass requirements
The student has completed this module if he is awarded a minimum grade of 5.5 at the end of the second semester.
Examination procedure
At the end of both semesters the instructor fills out an assessment form designed specifically for this module. Assessment is comprised of a verbal evaluation and a concluding grade. The instructor reviews this assessment with the student during the first subsequent lesson. Assessment at the end of the autumn semester is formative and expressed in terms of satisfactory/unsatisfactory. It indicates a student's progress in this module. No ECs are awarded and there is no resit. Modules can only be absolved, and ECs awarded, after the end of the spring semester.
Resit options
See the Education and Assessment Plan.

Module summary

Theme: solidifying and further developing the basic skills/knowledge.

The first year of the main subject course is intended to prepare students for the general technical and musical prerequisites of a career in music. The first step towards this goal is passing the propaedeutic exam. In the course of the first year, basic playing techniques as introduced during the preparatory course are developed to a higher level, with a focus on possibilities for further development and problem-solving skills. In addition, students begin to build standard repertoire knowledge.