Main Subject Trombone Jazz & Pop 2

Module code
Curricular domain
Practical Classes
Group size
Number of course weeks
Class duration
One 50-minute lesson per week
Total contact hours
25 hours
Study load
255 hours

Form / content / level

Admitted to the ArtEZ Jazz & Pop Trombone main subject year 2.
See Competency Matrix.
Further mastering and developing all skills and knowledge demanded of professional musicians, as well as expanding the students' personal interests and taste in music.
Relation to other modules
The contents of the main subject lessons are in line with the partly self-chosen band and theory lessons such as analysis.

Textbooks on trombone technique (learning contents, problem-solving):

Reginald Fink: The Trombonist's Handbook

Edward Kleinhammer: The Art of Trombone Playing

Fred Fox: Essentials of Brass Playing

Philip Farkas: The Art of Brass Playing

Malte Burba: Brass Masterclass

Malte Burba: Teach Your Body to Blow

Denis Wick: Trombone Technique

Heinz Fadle: Auf der Suche nach einer gewissen Leichtichkeit

Bart van Lier: Coördinatie trainingsprogramma voor trombone


Mark Levine: The Jazz Theory Book

Hal Crook: How to Improvise

Jerry Coker: Elements of the Jazz Language

David Baker: Jazz Improvisation

Hal Crook: Ready, Aim, Improvise!

Ramon Ricker Improvisation Series (4 volumes)

Sigi Busch: Improvisation im Jazz


Individual use of study techniques.

Self-assessing strength/weaknesses and study progress.

Studying self-expression, artistic and musical identity.


Barry Green /Timothy Gallwey: The Inner Game of Music / Innerlijk musiceren

David Liebman: Self-Portrait of a Jazz-Artist

Kenny Werner: Effortless Mastery

Tom de Vree: Didaktiek van de instrumentale en vocale muziekles

Derek Bailey: Improvisation: Its Nature and Practice in Music

Mark A. Giesecke: Clever üben, sinnvoll proben, erfolgreich vorspielen

Peter Schwarzenbach / Brigitte Bryner-Kronjäger: Üben ist doof

Francis Schneider: Üben, was ist das eigentlich?

Richard Provost: The Art of Practice


Solid command of all the basic playing and improvising skills).

Further developing trombone technique.

Independently processing, organizing and applying the instructions given in the individual main subject lessons.

Learning to perform in various bands and performance settings.

Big band: learning to occasionally play first trombone parts in addition to second and third trombone parts.

40 or more jazz standards by heart.


Various warm-up programs.

Daily technical study: Slokar, Kleinhammer, van Lier, Caruso.

Embouchure exercises: Malte Burba, Bart van Lier.

Breathing technique: Bram Balfoort: Houding, adem en keel / Ademen wij vanzelf?

Ilse Middendorf: De ervaarbare adem


Further developing a professional attitude as musician.

Process evaluation, product evaluation, self-assessment of study approach.

Personal and artistic growth, cultural interests.

Observation: learning to observe, listen and evaluate.

Critizing others and one's own performance in a constructive manner.
Mode(s) of instruction
Individual lessons and (as agreed with the instructor) big band lessons, group lessons and section rehearsals


Bart van Lier: Coördinatie trainingsprogramma voor trombone

Mark Nightingale: The Warm-Up Book

Ed Neumeister: Trombone Technique Through Music

Branimir Slokar: Daily Drills

Edward Kleinhammer: Daily Exercises

Carmine Caruso: Musical Calisthenics for Brass

Malte Burba: Brass Masterclass


F.Vobaron: 34 études, 40 études

H. W. Tyrell: 40 progressive études

Makovecz: selected studies vol 2.

N. La Vista: 13 studi melodici

G. Pichaureau: 21 études techniques générale

M. Bordogni: Melodious Études vol.2 & vol. 3 (Tezak ed.)


Shelton Berg: The Goal Note Method

Roman Ricker: The Developing Improviser vol. 4)

James Hosay / Jilt Jansma: Jazz Rock USA

Jerry Bergonzi: Pentatonics (vol. 2), Jazzline (vol. 3)

Mark Nightingale: Get Prepared!

Mark Nightingale: 20 Jazz Etudes for Trombone

Mark Nightingale: Multiplicity

Kenny Werner: Effortless Mastery (video)


Acquiring a basic set of trombone mutes price range: €100 - €150

Straight mute (Humes & Berg, Jo-Ral, or Tom Crown)

Cup mute (Humes & Berg, Jo-Ral)

Bucket mute (Peter Gane, Jo-Ral)

Plunger (Gamma, Praxis) and pixie mute (Humes & Berg)

Optional: wah-wah mute (Harmon), solo-tone and clear-tone mute,

practice mute (e.g., Silent Brass System, Yamaha)
Student activity
Organizing a performance (band, repertoire, rehearsals) as part of the annual Jazz & Pop student concert; independently organizing a performance (five pieces) as part of the transition exam audition.

Examination and assessment

Mode(s) of assessment
Assessment by the main subject instructor at the end of each semester.
The student should have mastered the elements described under Aims. Specific criteria are: creativity, expression, improvisation, technique, sound, intonation, timing, reading skills, repertoire knowledge, progress, self-reflection, session participation, attitude and lesson preparation.
Pass requirements
The student has completed this module if he is awarded a minimum grade of 5.5 at the end of the second semester.
Examination procedure
At the end of both semesters the instructor fills out an assessment form designed specifically for this module. Assessment is comprised of a verbal evaluation and a concluding grade. The instructor reviews this assessment with the student during the first subsequent lesson. Assessment at the end of the autumn semester is formative and expressed in terms of satisfactory/unsatisfactory. It indicates a student's progress in this module. No ECs are awarded and there is no resit. Modules can only be absolved, and ECs awarded, after the end of the spring semester.
Resit options
See the Education and Examination Regulations.

Module summary

Theme: further in-depth study. Progressing step-by-step towards the playing and study level demanded of professional Jazz & Pop musicians, with specific attention for further in-depth study of knowledge and skills and the students' individual musical identity and taste. The first technical part of the main subject study concludes with a technical exam at the end of this study year.