Main Subject Latin Percussion Jazz & Pop 2
Number of course weeks
One 50-minute lesson per week
Total contact hours
Form / content / level
Admitted to the ArtEZ Jazz & Pop Latin Percussion main subject year 2.
Learning to confidently apply a broad repertoire of technical and professional skills relevant to percussion, while prioritizing the development of students’ personal creativity.
Relation to other modules
Related to modules from the main subject Latin Percussion as well as to Ear Training, Harmony at the Piano, and melodic subsidiary subjects (e.g., marimba).
TRADITIONAL AND JAZZ PERCUSSION:
Further developing techniques on conga, bongo, timbales and miscellaneous percussion.
Awareness of sound and movement, 'flow', flexible motor coordination, and drive.
Congas (tumbadoras): songo, coordination in playing three or four congas, as well as in combinations of conga/bongo or pedal bell/clave, polyrhythms.
Bongo: further developing bongo playing skills: techniques for soloing and accompaniment (e.g., for lyrical vocal lines in bolero), cross rhythm phrasing.
Timbales: studying various timbales formations with several bells, wood block(s), cymbal, bass drum, etc. Introduction to danzón.
Studying newer styles: 12/8 rhythms (bembé, ñañigo, güíro), conga and comparsa, guaracha, rumba, son Afro-Cubano, charanga, mozambique, pilón, salsa, songo, timba, in combination with jazz percussion and Latin jazz styles.
Miscellaneous percussion: further development of playing techniques, coordination, rhythms and styles for the instruments listed above.
Traditional 'toques' on the three batá drums (okónkolo, itótele en iyá) and applying them to jazz and other styles.
Brazilian styles: samba (instrumentation, interpretation), as well as berimbau and cuica among others.
Cajón: study of original cajón styles (Cuba, Perú, flamenco), as well as popular uses in contemporary music.
Working with various forms of notation for personal study and arrangements, to transcribe solos and to improve a prima vista sight-reading.
Learning 'típico' breaks (or 'efectos') commonly applied to conga, bongo, timbales and güiro in the Cuban son and charanga, as well as in salsa and jazz.
In addition, modern timba breaks (with drum kit) will be studied.
Developing style-awareness with respect to form, timing, sound and instrumentation within the styles listed above.
Mode(s) of instruction
Individual lessons and periodic group lessons (group size varies).
Material & Tools
Study materials designed by instructors as well as materials from the literature list.
Playing in band settings, as well as arranging and transcribing.
Examination and assessment
Mode(s) of assessment
Assessment by the main subject instructor at the end of each semester. A technical exam (an audition for a panel consisting of three examiners) is part of the assessment procedure.
The student should have mastered the elements described under Aims. Specific criteria are: creativity, expression, improvisation, technique, sound, intonation, timing, reading skills, repertoire knowledge, progress, self-reflection, session participation, attitude and lesson preparation.
Technical exam: the student should have sufficiently mastered the elements noted under Content.
The student has completed this module if he is awarded a minimum grade of 5.5 by the instructor as well as for the technical exam at the end of the second semester.
At the end of both semesters the instructor fills out an assessment form designed specifically for this module. Assessment is comprised of a verbal evaluation and a concluding grade. The instructor reviews this assessment with the student during the first subsequent lesson.
During the spring semester a technical exam is part of the assessment procedure. Examiners use an outline of relevant criteria to assess students, with the average grade being used as the final grade.
Assessment at the end of the autumn semester is formative and expressed in terms of satisfactory/unsatisfactory. It indicates a student's progress in this module. No ECs are awarded and there is no resit. Modules can only be absolved, and ECs awarded, after the end of the spring semester.
The second year course is intended to deepen and broaden knowledge and skills acquired during the first year. Technical facility, style-awareness, creativity and musical affinity will be assessed through separate exams.